Background: Breast cancer is among the most prevalent cancers in women. Radiotherapy is an important part in treatment of breast cancer, associated with some side effects, including skin dermatitis. Dermatitis may be severe and impair quality of life. Multiple agents have been studied, but no standard treatment is yet available. Silicone based gel (StrataXRT) was promising in some studies in reducing skin inflammation and also radiotherapy-induced dermatitis.
Method: This was a randomized trial on 100 women with breast cancer who had undergone quadrantectomy for breast cancer. They received StrataXRT gel or best supportive care during radiotherapy. Dermatitis area and grade of dermatitis were measured.
Results: Regarding the mean size of radiation-induced dermatitis area, there was a significant difference between the intervention (36.88 cm2 ± 69.93) and control (83.83 cm2 ± 79.34) groups (P = 0.002). During radiotherapy, except in the fourth week, dermatitis was significantly more severe in the control group.
Conclusion: It seems that StrataXRT is helpful in decreasing radiotherapy-induced dermatitis.