Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Shiraz Endocrine and Metabolism Research Center, Nemazee Hospital, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

2 Cancer Immunology Group, Shiraz Institute for Cancer Research, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

3 Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

10.30476/mejc.2021.87469.1421

Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between thyroid cancer and 16C/A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in C-C motif chemokine 22 (CCL22) as well as 1014C/T SNP in C-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CCR4).
Method: In this case-control study, Polymerase Chain Reaction Restriction-Fragment Length Polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) was performed for 113 thyroid cancer patients and 112 age-sex matched healthy controls to investigate the genotype distribution.
Results: At position 16C/A in CCL22, 95 patients (84.3%) were found to have CC genotype while 17 individuals (14.8%) inherited CA genotype and 1 (0.9%) had AA genotype. In the control group, 92 volunteers (82.1%) inherited CC genotype, 18 individuals (16.1%) had CA genotype, and 2 (1.8%) had AA genotype. The frequency of CC, CT, and TT genotypes of 1014C/T SNP in CCR4 gene was 60 (53.1%), 43 (38.1%), and 10 (8.8%) in the patients, and 57 (53.3%), 43 (40.2%), and 7 (6.5%) in the control group, respectively. There were no statistically significant differences between the patients and controls in terms of 16C/A polymorphism in CCL22 (P= 0.816) and 1014C/T SNP in CCR4 1014C/T gene position (P=0.801). Nevertheless, the study of their association indicated that inheriting the CC genotype of CCR4 is significantly associated with higher stages (stages 3 and 4) in thyroid cancer.
Conclusion: 1014C/T genetic variation in CCR4 and 16C/A polymorphism in CCL22 were not found to have a role in the incidence of thyroid cancer. Inheriting CC genotype at 1014 locus in CCR4 may, however, affect cancer progression in patients with thyroid cancer.

Keywords

This article has been accepted for publication and undergone full peer review but has not been through the copyediting, typesetting, pagination, and proofreading process, which may lead to differences between this version and the Version of Record. Please cite this article as doi:10.30476/mejc.2021.87469.1421