Document Type : Reminiscence


1 Department of History, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

2 Department of Foreign Languages, Marvdasht Azad University, Marvdasht, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Persian Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran; Eessence of Parsiyan Wisdom Institute, Traditional Medicine and Medicinal Plant Incubator, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran


Background: One of the great physicians in Iran who had expertise in medicine, surgery, and pharmacy was Sadid al-Din Kazeroni. He was a 14th century physician. No information is available on his birth and death – only “Al-Mughni”, a book, has been left to make him famous in surgical and medical knowledge.Methods: We used desk and historical research methods in this research, with a historical approach. This commonly used research method in human sciences was used to criticize and study the birthplace and works of Sadid al-Din Kazeroni.Results and Conclusion: Sadid al-Din Kazeroni discussed the exact issues in the field of anatomy, surgery, and gynecology. He was fluent in pharmacology. In his pharmacology book, for the first time, he named drugs considered necessary before and after surgery. In this study, we reviewed the biography and introduction of the works and reviewed “Al-Mughni”, a book on breast cancer.

1. Siobhan R. Maryam Mirzakhani, pioneering mathematical legacy[Internet]. The New Yorker. Retrieved at: 2017-07-18. Available from:
2. Ekmektzoglou KA, Xanthos T, German V, Zografos GC. Breast cancer: from the earliest times through to the end of the 20th century. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2009;145(1):3-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2009.03.017.
3. Hilal Z, Bashar S. Cancer treatment in the Arab-Islamic medicine: Integration of tradition with modern experimental trails. Journal of Jami'a. 2010;14(1):13-40.
4. Mozaffarian M. Kazeroon in the Mirror of Iranian Culture. Shiraz: Navid;1994.p.405-6.
5. Zvi Ben-Dor, Benite, The Dao of Muhammad: A cultural history of Muslims in late imperial China. Cambridge: Harvard University Press;2005.p.151-152.
6. Fazel, M. Catalogue of manuscripts in the library of the Mosque of Jama Ghoharshad Mashhad. Volume 2, Mashhad: the library of the Mosque of Jama Ghoharshad Mashhad; 1984.p.550.
7. Safa, Z. A history of Iranian literature. Volume 3. Tehran: Ferdowsi;1984.p.275-7.
8. Irfanian, Gh. A descriptive catalogue of the Persian, Arabic. Volume 19. Mashhad: Central Library of Astan Quds Razavi; 2001.p.131-3.
9. Sadid al-Din al-Kazaruni. Al-Mughni fi sharh al-Mujiz. Tehran: Iran University of Medical Sciences; 2008.p.686.
10. Zarshenas MM, Zargaran A, Mehdizadeh A, Mohagheghzadeh A. Mansur ibn Ilyas (1380-1422 AD): A Persian anatomist and his book of anatomy, Tashrih-i Mansuri. J Med Biogr. 2016;24(1):67-71. doi: 10.1177/0967772013479474.
 11. ZillurRahman, M. The Kanon of Ibn Sina, its commentators and translators. Tehran: Society for the National Heritage of Iran;2004.p.66-7.
12. Al-Biruni. Kitab al saydana fi'l-tibb. [Translator Bagher Mazafarzadeh]. Tehran: Academy of Persian Language and Literature;2004.p.36-7.
13. Akmal al-din Ughli AD, Ramazan Şeşen AD, Aghpkar J, Eizegi J. Catalog of Islamic medicine manuscripts in Turkish libraries. Istanbul: Research Center for History, History, Arts and Islamic Culture in Istanbul press; 1984.p.274.